Bachelor of Science (BSc) is an undergraduate degree course usually of three years duration. It is one of the most popular course choices among Science students after Class 12. The full form of BSc is Bachelor of Science (Baccalaureus Scientiae in Latin). The course is considered as a foundation course for students who want to make their career in the field of Science. It is offered in a variety of Science subjects at a majority of universities in India. Some of the popular BSc courses that students usually choose to pursue after Class 12 are BSc Physics, BSc Computer Science, BSc Chemistry, BSc Biology, BSc Mathematics, and so on.
A BSc course can be pursued as both a full-time or part-time course. Students can choose to pursue a General BSc or BSc (Honours). The course is most apt for students who have a strong interest and background in Science and Mathematics. The course is also beneficial for students who wish to pursue multi and inter-disciplinary science careers in future. After the completion of a BSc degree, candidates can opt to pursue a Master of Science (MSc) or even secure admission in a professional job-oriented course.
The BSc programmes are generally of three years duration. In the case of part-time or distance learning programmes, the duration varies between four to five years. The pedagogy of BSc programmes is a combination of theory and practical lessons. The BSc curriculum includes practical lessons which carry a considerable amount of weightage. To pass a semester, students need to pass both the theory as well practical exams.
A BSc programme can be further classified into two categories – BSc Honours and BSc General or Pass. The former focuses on one major subject area. The curriculum is designed to keep more focus on the Honours subject, and also includes subjects or papers from the elective subjects students opt for. The purpose of studying BSc Honours programme is to inculcate theoretical, practical and research skills among students.
On the other hand, the BSc General programme provides basic knowledge of the major Science subjects to the students. The curriculum is slightly lesser rigorous, but it includes both the theoretical and practical components.
The BSc eligibility criteria are as follows:
|Career paths after B.Sc||Details|
|Research Scientist||Research scientists are responsible for designing, undertaking and analysing information from controlled laboratory-based investigations, experiments and trials. You could work for government laboratories, environmental organisations, specialist research organisations or universities.|
|Clinical Research Specialist||They have a hand in everything from recruiting study participants to creating study documentation, collecting patient data, and performing quality assurance audits to ensure study protocols are being followed. CRAs usually work for pharmaceutical companies, hospital research departments, or clinical contract agencies.|
|Lab Technician||Receiving, labeling and analyzing samples (blood, toxic, tissue etc.) Designing and executing laboratory testing according standard procedures. Conducting experiments under defined conditions to verify/reject various types of hypotheses using refined scientific methods.|
|Biochemist||Plan and conduct complex projects in basic and applied research. Manage laboratory teams and monitor the quality of their work. ... Research the effects of substances such as drugs, hormones, and nutrients on tissues and biological processes.|
|Lab Assistant||Lab assistants are responsible for helping technologists and scientists during lab tests and research. These highly-analytical professionals' possess in-depth knowledge of basic laboratory techniques and equipment. Their duties include processing samples, classifying results, and recording findings.|
|Assistant Nurse||Nursing assistants, also called nurse aides or CNAs (Certified Nursing Assistants), assist patients with basic daily tasks. ... Their responsibilities may include helping patients with their personal hygiene and with eating, repositioning bedridden patients, and taking a patient's vital signs.|
|IT/Technical Jobs||IT technicians diagnose, repair, and maintain hardware and software components to ensure the smooth running of computer systems. ... IT technician responsibilities include installing and configuring computer hardware and being the primary point of contact for IT support within a company.|
|Medical Representative||The medical representative's responsibilities include persuading potential customers to purchase company medications, identifying prospective business opportunities for the company, and providing the relevant departments with customer feedback. You should also be able to attend company meetings and training sessions.|
|Government Jobs||Forest Department- IFS Officer, Indian Air Force, AIIMS- Nursing Officer, IARI- Laboratory Assistant, FCI- Trainee, LIC- AAO, RBI Grade B Officer, Indian Railways – Assistant Officer/ JE, SBI PO, Public Sector Bank- Probationary Officer.|